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Labour party manifesto

The Labour party published on 21 November 2019 its manifesto for the December 2019 general election.

The manifesto has no section on tax. The tax provisions listed below have been taken from comments throughout the manifesto.

Significant points include:

GENERAL

  • bringing rail, mail, water and energy into public ownership
  • providing full-fibre broadband free to every home
  • negotiating a new Brexit deal within three months, putting it to the people in another referendum within six months, with Remain as the alternative, and abiding by the result

TAXATION

  • introducing a windfall tax on oil companies
  • reducing the threshold for the 45% income tax rate from £150,000 to £80,000 a year
  • introducing a 50% rate on incomes above £150,000
  • freezing income tax and national insurance for those earning less than £80,000
  • raising corporation tax from 19% to 26% for larger companies
  • reintroducing a small companies rate of 21% for companies with profits below £300,000
  • charging capital gains tax at the same rates as income tax
  • not increasing VAT
  • imposing VAT on school fees
  • reducing the inheritance tax threshold to £125,000
  • scrapping plans for quarterly tax returns for small businesses below the VAT threshold (£85,000 a year)
  • changing the pension tax rules that prevent hospital consultants working extra hours
  • ending the special tax provisions for non-doms
  • considering replacement of business rates with a land value tax
  • introducing a compulsory levy on gambling to fund action against gambling addiction
  • introducing a new "use it or lose it" tax on property developers who stall housing developments
  • introducing a national levy of second homes used as holiday homes to help pay for measures to combat homelessness
  • extending the sugar tax to milk drinks
  • promoting fairer international tax rules, and helping countries in the Global South to build progressive tax systems

EMPLOYMENT

  • introducing a real living wage of at least £10 an hour for all workers, with equal rights from the first day
  • working towards a 32-hour working week within ten years with no loss of pay, achieved by productivity increases
  • making all employment rights enforceable from the first day
  • ending the status of "worker" so that all those engaged in work are treated as employees unless genuinely self-employed
  • giving all who work regular hours for 12 weeks the right to a contract of employment
  • requiring shift breaks and cancelled shifts to be paid
  • giving all workers the right to flexible working
  • extending paid maternity leave from 9 months to 12 months
  • doubling paternity leave from 2 weeks to 4 weeks, and increasing the rate of statutory paternity pay
  • introducing statutory bereavement leave
  • ending zero-hour contracts
  • strengthening trade union rights, including sectoral collective bargaining
  • changing the apprenticeship levy, making it easier for employers to spend and widening its scope
  • launching a Climate Apprenticeship and requiring employers to allocate 25% of their levy funds to it
  • targeting bursaries to women, BAME people, care leaver, ex-forces personnel and the disabled to take up climate apprenticeships
  • increasing the amount payable to non-levy employers to 50%, and introducing an online matching service
  • restricting the maximum pay in a public sector body to 20 times the lowest pay
  • giving public sector workers an immediate 5% pay rise as a first step to returning them to pre-2008 levels in real terms
  • requiring all employers of more than 250 employees to ontain government certification on gender equality or face further audit or fines
  • reducing the gender pay gap threshold to 50 employees by the end of 2020
  • requiring an employer to get the agreement of an inspector before dismissing a pregnant worker
  • requiring employers to have a policy to allow women time off for the menopause
  • introducing 10 days of paid leave for survivors of domestic abuse
  • giving workers the right to paid time off work for education and training
  • introducing a new requirement for employers of 250 workers to introduce pay gap reporting between disabled and non-disabled workers
  • paying care workers for travel time
  • introducing within five years, 30 hours of affordable school education to children aged between 2 and 4
  • banning unpaid internships
  • establishing a new Ministry for Employment Rights
  • introducing a new Workers' Protection Agency to enforce workplace rights
  • keeping employment tribunals free
  • introducing new Labour Courts
  • repealing Trade Union Act 2016 and providing new trade union powers
  • repealing Immigration Act 2014 and ensuring that migrant workers have equal rights

ENVIRONMENT

  • cutting emissions in half by 2030, creating a million jobs in the green economy
  • creating a Sustainable Investment Board to oversee green investment
  • creating a National Transformation Fund of £400 billion to fund green changes
  • building 7,000 new offshore wind turbines, 2,000 onshore wind turbines and enough solar panels to cover 22,000 football pitches
  • building more nuclear power stations for energy security
  • trialling and expanding tidal energy
  • upgrading almost half of the UK's 27 million homes to the highest energy-efficient standards, saving households an average of £417 a year
  • rolling out technologies like heat pumps, solar hot water and district heat networks
  • expanding the national grid
  • banning fracking
  • introducing a new Clean Air Act that includes a vehicles scrappage scheme and clean air zones
  • providing an additional £5.6 billion on flood defences
  • creating new National Parks among other nature schemes
  • investing in more county farms, among other farming changes
  • introducing a bottle return scheme, as exists already in Wales
  • ending all spending on fossil fuel production overseas, and end all Export Finance support for such production

ECONOMY

  • creating a National Investment Bank backed up by a network of Regional Development Banks to provide £250 billion of lending for enterprise, infrastructure and innovation over ten years
  • spending 3% of GDP on research and development by 2030 through direct support
  • establishing a Foundation Industries Sector Council to provide for the feature of heavy industries like steel and glass
  • investing in three new gigafactories and four metal processing plants for cars
  • investing in a new plastics remanufacturing industry

WELFARE

  • scrapping universal credit and replacing it with a new system to be developed over time
  • ending the five-week wait for a first payment under universal credit
  • immediately end the "vicious sanction regime"
  • scrapping the benefit cap
  • scrapping the two-child limit for various benefits
  • paying childcare costs up-front
  • for women in abusive relationships, splitting payments so that the child element can be paid direct to the primary carer
  • introducing fortnightly payments of means-tested benefits
  • allowing the housing element of benefit payments to be paid directly to landlords
  • recruiting 5,000 additional advisers so that people may make a claim face-to-face as an alternative to online
  • scrapping the bedroom tax
  • increasing the local housing allowance
  • ending work capability and PIP assessment tests, and ensure that replacement tests are done in-house
  • increasing employment and support allowance by £30 a week
  • raising the basic rate of support for children with disabilities to the level of child tax credits
  • increasing the carer's allowance to the same rate as jobseeker's allowance
  • creating a National Care Service for England to provide free personal care, particularly for older people
  • introducing a lifetime cap on personal contributions to care costs
  • ending 15-minute care visits
  • introducing annual income assessments for the self-employed who claim universal credit, among other changes
  • introducing a new Right to Food to end dependency on food banks
  • providing free prescriptions for all
  • providing free dental check-ups
  • providing free personal care for older people and extra care packages
  • providing free TV licences for people over 75
  • creating a National Youth Service
  • replacing the Social Mobility Commission with a Social Justice Commission with wider powers
  • replacing the Troubled Families programme with a Stronger Families programme
  • creating a new Department for Women and Equalities, and establishing a new National Women's Commission
  • maintaining winter fuel payment and free bus passes as universal benefits
  • creating a new Department for Housing and a new English Sovereign Land Trust with powers to buy land cheaply for low-cost housing
  • building one million homes over 10 years
  • replacing the current definition of "affordable" housing from 80% of market rent to one more closely linked to local incomes
  • banning landlords from excluding housing benefit tenants
  • repealing the Vagrancy Act
  • establishing a Food Sovereignty Fund to help small-scale farmers in the Global South to gain access to land, seeds and finance

PENSIONS

  • leaving the state pension age at 66, and not increasing it
  • reviewing retirement ages for physically arduous and stressful occupations, such as shift workers
  • maintaining the triple lock on pensions
  • for workplace pensions, stopping people being auto-enrolled into "rip-off schemes"

EDUCATION

  • reversing cuts to Sure Start centres for very young children
  • introducing Sure Start Plus for all children under 2
  • making changes to ensure that pupils are taught by a qualified teacher, five days a week in a class of no more than 30 children
  • scrapping key stage 1 and 2 SATs
  • introducing an Arts Pupil Premium for arts education in primary schools
  • bringing free schools and academies back under the control of teachers, parents and local communities
  • replacing Oftsed to a new body
  • introducing a new teacher supply service
  • making schools responsible for pupils they "off-roll"
  • providing free school meals for all primary school children
  • reintroducing the education maintenance allowance
  • restoring funding for English for Speakers of Other Languages
  • creating an Emancipation Educational Trust to provide education on migration, colonialism and slavery

TRANSPORT

  • introducing free travel for under-25s on buses run by councils
  • reinstating 3,000 bus routes
  • implementing a full rolling programme of railway electrification
  • building a Crossrail for the North
  • possibly reopening closed branch lines
  • continuing with HS2 and extending it to Scotland
  • promoting rail freight
  • increasing funding to promote walking and cycling
  • bringing forward the ban on selling new petrol and diesel cars from 2040 to 2030
  • investing in electric vehicle charge points and electric community car clubs
  • reviewing all tolled crossings
  • subjecting any airport expansion to tests on air quality, noise and climate change

CONSTITUTION

  • replacing the House of Lords with an elected Senate, and ending attendance rights of remaining hereditary peers
  • establishing regional government offices
  • repealing the Fixed Term Parliament Act 2011
  • not reducing the number of constituencies from 650
  • reducing the voting age to 16
  • abandoning plans to require ID to vote
  • banning donations from tax avoiders
  • repealing the Lobbying Act 2014
  • increasing penalties for electoral offences
  • banning MPs from taking second paid jobs with some limited exceptions for those who need to maintain professional qualifications
  • extending Freedom of Information rules to cover private providers of public services
  • giving more money to Scotland

OTHER

  • requiring large companies to set up inclusive ownership funds (IOFs) owned by employees so that up to 10% of the company is owned by its workers
  • requiring one third of boards to be reserved for elected worker-directors, and give them more control over executive pay
  • amending Companies Act so companies must prioritise long-term growth and strengthen protection for all stakeholders
  • introducing a new "public interest test" to prevent hostile takeovers and asset stripping
  • introducing protective administration for struggling companies to make it easier for them to be sold as a going concern
  • requiring accounting firms to separate audit functions, and imposing more robust rules on auditors
  • delisting from the London Stock Exchange any company that fails to contribute to tackling climate change
  • banning late payers to small businesses from public procurement contracts
  • ending student tuition fees
  • making producers responsible for recycling packaging
  • providing free lifelong learning
  • stopping bank branch closures
  • ending Crown Post Office closures
  • creating a Post Bank offering banking services at post offices
  • creating a Business Development Agency based in the Post Bank to help people launch and run new businesses
  • banning charges for withdrawing cash from ATM machines
  • giving local authorities new powers to utilise otherwise empty shops
  • giving local communities the first option to acquire a local pub that would otherwise close
  • banning the sale of animal snares and glue traps
  • banning the import of hunting trophies of endangered species
  • ending the current presumption that local authorities must outsource services
  • taking back all PFI contracts in the health service as they expire
  • increasing spending on the NHS by an average 4.3% a year
  • providing free parking at hospitals for patients, visitors and staff
  • providing facilities for an additional 27 million GP appointments
  • spending an additional £1.6 billion a year on mental health
  • recruiting an additional 4,500 health visitors and school nurses
  • introducing a training bursary for nurses, midwives and other health workers
  • establishing a generic drug company to ensure availability of medicines
  • banning fast food restaurants near schools
  • requiring alcoholic drinks to carry a health warning
  • funding smoking cessation services
  • recruiting 22,000 more front-line police officers (2,000 more than currently planned)
  • not building any more privately-run prisons
  • restoring all early legal aid advice
  • ending the conversion of office blocks to homes as permitted development
  • ending the right to buy  council homes
  • capping rent increases to inflation
  • ending the duty of landlords to check the immigration status of tenants
  • ending no-fault evictions
  • recruiting "hundreds" of new community lawyers
  • reinstating the Access to Elected Office Fund to enable disabled people to run for elected office
  • creating a £1 billion Cultural Capital Fund for museums, libraries and galleries
  • suspending the sale of arms to Saudi Arabia for use in Yemen and to Israel for use against Palestinians
  • continuing membership of NATO and retaining Trident nuclear weapons
  • maintaining the commitment to spend 2% of GDP on defence
  • paying a lump sum of £50,000 to every survivor of British nuclear tests
  • maintaining free entry to museums
  • launching a Town of Culture competition
  • introducing no-fault divorce
  • decriminalising abortions
  • introducing a Public Accountability Bill
  • adding four new bank holidays on the patron saints' days for the four countries of the UK
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